Where did chillies originally come from?
Chilies are native to South America, where people have been cultivating and trading them for at least 6,000 years.
When did chillies come to Africa?
The tale begins with Columbus’ voyage of 1495 (green line), but the true spread of chillies occurred concurrent with the Portuguese voyages (red lines) from 1498 to 1549 as they traversed the globe from Africa through Arabia, India, the Spice Islands, China and Japan.
Do chilies grow in Africa?
The Yellow African Fatalii Chili Pepper (also Capsicum Chinense) has a scoville rating of 125 000 – 325 000. This member of the Solanaceae family of peppers, is commonly grown in central and southern africa.
Why is it called chilli?
He says that the name comes from the Spanish word ‘chile’, which has its own roots respectively in the Nahuatl language (the Aztecs spoke a variant of this). So a chilli was originally called chile in Nahuatl. The Spanish then took this into their own language and the English language borrowed it from them.
Did chillies originate in India?
After the Portuguese arrival in India, chillies were first introduced to Goa, from where they spread to South India. … Today, India is the largest producer of red dried chilli in the world. A second wave of adopting plants originating in the Americas occurred with a push from the British.
Is green chilli from India?
The tropical Indian climate proved suitable to its cultivation and its fruits began to be used widely in cooking. Most of the green chillies that are cultivated in India belong to the Capsicum annuum species. This includes non-spicy varieties such as bell peppers as well as hotter varieties.
Are chillies and peppers the same thing?
A pepper is a member of the genus “Piper” while chilies are members of the genus “Capsicum.” The berries in plants of the Piper genus contain piperine, a chemical associated with a biting sensation. Although peppers are often referred as “hot” or “spicy” chilies are even spicier.