Why were Swahili city-states important?
At that time, residents of the Swahili city-states played a pivotal role as middlemen, selling gold, timber, ivory, resins, coconut oil, and slaves from the interior regions of Africa to traders arriving from throughout the Indian Ocean World.
What were the Swahili city-states?
During the 10th century, several city-states flourished along the Swahili Coast and adjacent islands, including Kilwa, Malindi, Gedi, Pate, Comoros, and Zanzibar. These early Swahili city-states were Muslim, cosmopolitan, and politically independent of one another.
Why did the East African city-states became important trading centers?
The city-states along the eastern coast of Africa made ideal centers of trade. An important attraction was the gold obtained from inland kingdoms. The gold was needed mainly for coins, although it was also used for works of art, ornamentation on buildings, and jewelry.
Why did Mogadishu Zanzibar Kilwa and Sofala became rich and prosperous?
In addition, in the late 1200s Kilwa had seized the port of Sofala, which was a trading center for gold mined inland. By controlling Sofala, Kilwa was able to con- trol the overseas trade of gold from southern Africa. As a result, Kilwa became the wealthiest, most powerful coastal city-state.
What are 3 things that were traded in the city-states?
A city-state is a city that rules over the area around it. Common goods were grains, wine, olives, cheese, honey, meat and tools. In many parts of the world, people wanted beautiful Greek pottery.
What is the religion of Swahili?
This group was known as the Shirazi. Today, most Swahili people are Sunni Muslims. It is the largest group within the religion of Islam. The Swahili Coast peaked during the medieval period.
How many Swahili city-states are there?
The eight city-states of Swahili include, Mogadishu, Lamu, Malindi, Mombasa, Zanzibar, Kilwa, Mozambique, and Sofala. They were major sea ports that were used for trade from 500-1500 AD.
What countries speak Swahili in Africa?
Swahili has official language status in Tanzania and Kenya and is also widely spoken in Uganda, the Democratic Republic of Congo and the Comoros Islands. It’s also spoken by smaller numbers in Burundi, Rwanda, Northern Zambia, Malawi and Mozambique.
What tribes speak Swahili?
The Swahili people (Swahili language: WaSwahili) are a Bantu ethnic group inhabiting East Africa. Members of this ethnicity primarily reside on the Swahili coast, in an area encompassing the Zanzibar archipelago, littoral Kenya, the Tanzania seaboard, northern Mozambique, the Comoros Islands, and Northwest Madagascar.
In what parts of Africa did the first states and city-states emerge?
The emergence of African city-states began in North Africa with ancient Egypt and then later the formation of the Carthaginian empire. These civilizations are both heavily documented by written accounts, as are the other North African kingdoms of Numidia and Mauretania.
Why did African trade routes shifted east?
Why did the African trade routes shift to the east several times? … it spread by conquest and through trade. What was the chief means of social and political organization in African stateless societies?
Why did city-states develop in Africa?
One of the root causes of the growth of city-states in this part of Africa was the migration of the Bantu-speaking people from the Sahara and Sahel regions of Africa. … By 1000 C.E., they had developed bustling agricultural communities in the fertile strip of land along Africa’s East coast.