Frequent question: Why did the French colonize West Africa?

When did the French colonize West Africa?

French West Africa

French West Africa Afrique-Occidentale française
1895–1958
Flag
French West Africa after World War II Green: French West Africa Dark grey: Other French possessions Black: French Republic
Status Federation of French colonies

What were the 3 main reasons for the colonization of Africa?

The Factors That Led to the Colonization of Africa by the Europeans. The three main factors that lead to Europeans imperializing Africa in the 19th century were economic, military/ technology, and politics.

Was West Africa a French colony?

French West Africa, French Afrique Occidentale Française (AOF), administrative grouping under French rule from 1895 until 1958 of the former French territories of West Africa: Senegal, French Guinea, the Ivory Coast, and the French Sudan, to which Dahomey was added in 1899.

What made up the colonization of West Africa?

The European scramble for Africa culminated in the Berlin West African Conference of 1884-85. The conference was called by German Chancellor Bismarck and would set up the parameters for the eventual partition of Africa. … The major colonial powers were Britain, France, Germany, Belgium, and Portugal.

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Why did France want Africa?

Before Africa was founded as a country, it was invaded by France in 1843. France wanted many of that natural resources in Africa that they attacked and tried to contain them.

What parts of Africa did the French colonize?

By the early years of the twentieth century the French held most of what would come to be their colonial territory in West Africa (including present day Senegal, Mali, Burkina Faso, Benin, Guinea, Ivory Coast and Niger).

What were the negative effects of colonialism in Africa?

Some of the negative impacts that are associated with colonization include; degradation of natural resources, capitalist, urbanization, introduction of foreign diseases to livestock and humans. Change of the social systems of living.

What are 3 reasons for colonization?

Historians generally recognize three motives for European exploration and colonization in the New World: God, gold, and glory.

Which African country speak French?

French

Regions Country Status
Africa Congo official
Ivory Coast official
Djibouti co-official with Arabic
Equatorial Guinea co-official with Spanish and Portuguese

How did Britain take over West Africa?

In the early 1900s, long after Britain annexed Lagos as a crown colony (1861), Lugard conquered the north. … Lugard’s system became the model for all of British West Africa. Parts of the Gold Coast (present Ghana) were acquired by Britain at different times.

What was Africa like before European colonization?

At its peak, prior to European colonialism, it is estimated that Africa had up to 10,000 different states and autonomous groups with distinct languages and customs. From the late 15th century, Europeans joined the slave trade. … They transported enslaved West, Central, and Southern Africans overseas.

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