Frequent question: Why is infant mortality so high in Africa?

What causes child mortality in Africa?

The primary causes of death in children under-5 include pneumonia, preterm birth complications, diarrhoea, birth asphyxia and malaria. Approximately one third of all childhood deaths are linked to malnutrition in the African Region.

Why does Africa have a high mortality rate?

The presence of lower respiratory infections, tuberculosis, diarrheal diseases, and HIV/AIDS among the leading causes of death in both sexes, even among the elderly, clearly defines the importance of communicable disease control in African countries.

Why is the infant mortality rate so high in South Africa?

Overall the main causes of maternal and child mortality in South Africa are HIV and AIDS, pregnancy and childbirth complications, neonatal illness, childhood illness, and malnutrition, which are all related to poverty and great inequity.

Why is the infant mortality rate so high in the Congo?

The DRC has high rates of infectious disease and child mortality [5–7]. One reason for this is the country’s reliance upon a physical and health infrastructure that has suffered from a lack of investment and fallen prey to decades of protracted conflict, poor governance and economic mismanagement [8–12].

What is the child mortality rate in Africa?

In 2019, 1 in 13 children in sub-Saharan Africa died before reaching their fifth birthday—15 times higher than the risk for children born in high-income countries and 20 years behind the world average, which achieved a 1 in 13 rate by 1999.

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What is the average life expectancy in Africa?

The average life expectancy globally was 71 years for males and 75 years for females in mid-2021.

Average life expectancy at birth in Africa for those born in 2021, by gender and region (in years)

Characteristic Males Females
Northern Africa 73 75