Who founded African traditional religion?
Parrinder, Idowu and Mbiti thereby created an authorized version of African religions as `African Traditional Religion’ which is still strongly hegemonic.
What happened to traditional African religions?
Traditional African religions have faced persecution from Christians and Muslims. Adherents of these religions have been forcefully converted to Islam and Christianity, demonized and marginalized. The atrocities include killings, waging war, destroying of sacred places, and other atrocities.
What is African traditional religion ATR?
ATR is a religion that was practised throughout Africa before the arrival of the Western missionaries. The core premise of ATR is the maintenance of African culture and its main feature is loyalty to the ancestors and the accompanying rituals that express this loyalty.
What are the characteristics of traditional African religions?
There have been many attempts at describing African Traditional Religion according to its main characteristics. Turaki (1999:69) lists the following main characteristics: belief in a Supreme Being • belief in spirits and divinities • the cult of ancestors • the use of magic, charms and spiritual forces.
Which is the oldest Abrahamic religion?
Judaism, the oldest Abrahamic religion, is based on a strict, exclusive monotheism, finding its origins in the sole veneration of Yahweh, the predecessor to the Abrahamic conception of God. This is referred to in the Torah: “Hear O Israel: the LORD is our God, the LORD is One” (Deuteronomy 6:4).
What was Africa’s first religion?
Christianity came first to the continent of Africa in the 1st or early 2nd century AD. Oral tradition says the first Muslims appeared while the prophet Mohammed was still alive (he died in 632). Thus both religions have been on the continent of Africa for over 1,300 years.
What are the similarities between African traditional religion and Christianity?
Just like in Christianity, traditional African religion has organised practices. Both religions believe that God reveals Himself to people through dreams, prophecies and other special events. Both believe in a supreme God. Both believe in life after death.
Why is Christianity growing in Africa?
Much of the recent Christian growth in Africa is now due to African evangelism and high birth rates, rather than European missionaries.
What was the religion before Christianity?
Paganism (from classical Latin pāgānus “rural”, “rustic”, later “civilian”) is a term first used in the fourth century by early Christians for people in the Roman Empire who practiced polytheism or ethnic religions other than Judaism.