Why is Sub-Saharan Africa vulnerable to political instability?
Sub-Saharan Africa faces multiple structural pressures that increase the risk of political instability and violent conflict in the region. These pressures stem from demographics, low levels of development, regime type, and horizontal inequalities or cross-group discrimination.
Which of the following has contributed to political instability since independence in Africa?
1. How did foreign countries (former colonial powers and others) maintain their influence in Africa? … The things that contributed to political instability in Africa in the decades following independence were economic frustration, ethnic and regional divisions, and foreign intervention.
What are some of the underlying historical reasons for political instability in Africa?
Relationships explaining violence
- Poverty. Internal armed conflict is much more prevalent in poor countries than in rich ones. …
- Democratisation. …
- Regime type. …
- Population structure. …
- Repeat violence. …
- A bad neighbourhood. …
- Slow growth and rising inequality.
How can the political situation in Sub-Saharan Africa be described?
Which factors describe the political situation in Sub-Saharan Africa? Conflict is contained within political borders. Government systems lack capacity. Political stability is common.
What has been the effect of political instability in Africa?
The countries of Sub-Saharan Africa have experienced both poor economic performance and substantial political instability since their independence. … We believe that political instability disrupts the economic system causing a reduction in growth.
What is the economy of Sub-Saharan Africa?
Sub-Saharan Africa has the world’s lowest total gross domestic product (GDP), the measure of everything produced in a given country or region. Its average GDP per capita, or the GDP divided by population, is just under four thousand dollars, which is one-fifth of the world average.
What caused the African independence movements?
The first sparks of resistance to foreign control took shape much earlier, though, in some cases hundreds of years earlier. Independence movements developed throughout Africa in the mid-1900s. Although they followed different paths, they shared a common beginning: resistance to domination by foreign powers.
What challenges African nations as a result of colonialism?
As a result, civil wars and sectional conflicts were the norms in Africa. The irrational placement of borders also made it difficult for fledgling democracies to stabilize. As competing ethnic groups struggled for control in these new governments, brutal military dictatorships emerged.
How does political instability affect development of a country?
Political instability is likely to shorten policymakers’ horizons leading to sub- optimal short term macroeconomic policies. It may also lead to a more frequent switch of policies, creating volatility and thus, negatively affecting macroeconomic performance.
Why is ethnic conflict so widespread in Africa?
ethnic conflict is widespread in Africa because the present-day boundaries of countries do not match the boundaries of ethnic groups.
Why is there so much conflict in Africa even today?
Africa has a high prevalence of civil wars and this is commonly attributed to the ethnic diversity of its countries. This inference seems self-evident to many, given that African rebel movements almost always are ethnically defined. Ethnic identities and hatred are thus seen as the cause of violent conflict.
Which is not a factor for why Sub-Saharan Africa is the poorest region of the world quizlet?
Which is NOT a factor for why Sub-Saharan Africa is the poorest region of the world? Poor climates and soils throughout the region have limited settlement and development. How many children does the average woman in Sub-Saharan Africa have during her lifetime?
What is the environment like in Sub-Saharan Africa?
Sub-Saharan Africa suffers from some serious environmental problems, including deforestation, soil erosion, desertification, wetland degradation, and insect infestation. Efforts to deal with these problems, however, have been handicapped by a real failure to understand their nature and possible remedies.