How long is the East African Rift Valley?

Which is the longest rift valley in the world?

List

World Rift/Valley Length
Earth Great Rift Valley 6,000 km (3,700 mi)
Canadian Arctic Rift System 4,800 km (3,000 mi)
West Antarctic Rift System
Midcontinent Rift System 2,000 km (1,200 mi)

How fast is Africa splitting apart?

The three plates are separating at different speeds. The Arabian plate is moving away from Africa at a rate of about 1 inch per year, while the two African plates are separating even slower, between half an inch to 0.2 inches per year, according to Macdonald.

Which countries does the Rift Valley pass through?

The Rift Valley consists of a group of independent interior basins, extending from Djibouti in the north to Tanzania in the south, nearly half being located in Ethiopia.

Name of basin Total area of basin Area in the country
Uganda 4 514
Kenya 102 452
Southern lakes: 178 800
Kenya 25 000

How fast is the East African Rift moving?

As a result, the African plate is fragmenting into two, with the constituent Somali and Nubian plates moving away from each other at the normally negligible rate of 1.9-6.9 millimeters per year. The first of the fractures that make up the rift arose in the Afar region of Ethiopia around 30 million years ago.

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Why is the East African rift rifting?

Here the eastern portion of Africa, the Somalian plate, is pulling away from the rest of the continent, that comprises the Nubian plate. … The Nubian and Somalian plates are also separating from the Arabian plate in the north, thus creating a ‘Y’ shaped rifting system.

Which is the smallest valley in the world?

Referred to as the world’s smallest mountain range, the Sutter Buttes has as its highest point the summit of South Butte, at 2,122 ft (647 m), which is also the highest point in Sutter County.

Sutter Buttes
Country United States
State California
Region Sacramento Valley
District Sutter County