Who colonized the Horn of Africa?
In August 1940, after Rome had declared war against the Allies, the Italians marched north and occupied British Somaliland for seven months until dislodged by an Anglo-Ethiopian victory in the Horn of Africa.
What is the Horn of Africa famous for?
The Horn of Africa has been a renowned source of biological resources for thousands of years. The ancient Egyptians, Greeks and Romans sent expeditions and caravans to the region for frankincense, myrrh and other natural commodities to be taken back North along the incense route through the Arabian deserts.
Is the Horn of Africa a desert?
During extended arid periods the Horn of Africa was linked to other deserts across the world, stretching down to the Namib and Kalahari in the south, reaching to the Sahara in the west, and through to the Middle East and Central Asia.
Why is the Horn of Africa strategic?
The Horn of Africa enjoys an excellent strategic location south-west of the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden. … Its location on one side of some of the world’s major trade sea lanes and land routes gives it vital importance. Its importance increases because of its proximity to the oil-rich Arabian Peninsula.
What is the largest country in the Horn of Africa?
The Horn of Africa consists of the countries of Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, and Somalia. It covers approximately two million square kilometres (770,000 square miles), and is inhabited by roughly 115 million people (Ethiopia: 96.6 million, Somalia: 15.4 million, Eritrea: 6.4 million, and Djibouti: 0.81 million).