Which country occupy the Horn of Africa?
Horn of Africa (Somalia, Ethiopia, Kenya)
Why is the Horn of Africa a hotspot?
The Horn of Africa is one of only two entirely arid hotspots. It extends from Oman and Yemen through Eritrea and Somalia to parts of Ethiopia and Kenya. It is notable for endemic plants, with more than 2700 species. … It is one of the most degraded of the world’s hotspots, due to overgrazing and charcoal harvesting.
What is the largest country in the Horn of Africa?
The Horn of Africa consists of the countries of Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, and Somalia. It covers approximately two million square kilometres (770,000 square miles), and is inhabited by roughly 115 million people (Ethiopia: 96.6 million, Somalia: 15.4 million, Eritrea: 6.4 million, and Djibouti: 0.81 million).
Which conflicts have occurred in the Horn of Africa?
In the post-colonial era, from the late 1950s to the present, the region has experienced several devastating inter-state wars, including the Ethiopian-Somali wars (1964, 1977-78, 2006-9), the Kenyan-Somali war (1963), the Ugandan-Tanzanian war (1978-79) and the Ethiopian-Eritrean border war (1998-2000).
What is the capital of East Africa?
Countries, capitals and largest cities
|Country||Capital||Largest city by population|
|Horn of Africa|
|Ethiopia||Addis Ababa||Addis Ababa (2,739,551; 2007 est.)|
What is being done to protect the Horn of Africa?
The WildCare Institute Center for Conservation in the Horn of Africa was established to provide in situ and ex situ conservation support for wildlife of the Horn of Africa. The Saint Louis Zoo has been involved in cooperative ex situ conservation, research and education programs for Horn of Africa wildlife for decades.