What are the causes of drought in Africa?
Drought in South Africa caused by El Niño, human action and climate change. The present drought in Cape Town has been caused by extremely poor rainfall in recent months, with the result that the water supplies are under enormous pressure.
What are the main causes of drought in southern Africa?
One of the main causes of drought in South Africa is the variability in rainfall (Mason and Tyson, 2000; Tyson and Preston-Whyte, 2000 and Vogel et al., 2000). The El Niño phenomenon accounts for approximately thirty percent of rainfall variability (Tyson and Preston-Whyte, 2000).
What are the consequences of drought in Africa?
The effects of drought are exacerbated by conflict in the region and can lead to repeated displacement, deaths, increased vulnerability to harmful practices like FGM, loss of education, increased exposure to risks such as recruitment into the armed groups, etc.
How can we prevent drought?
Being mindful of the amount of water you use each day can be a powerful way to prevent droughts. Turning off the faucet while you brush your teeth, watering your garden early in the morning so less water evaporates, and installing low-flow plumbing fixtures all are good ways to prevent wasted water.
How can droughts be caused by human activities?
Human activity can directly trigger exacerbating factors such as over farming, excessive irrigation, deforestation, and erosion adversely impact the ability of the land to capture and hold water. In arid climates, the main source of erosion is wind. Erosion can be the result of material movement by the wind.
How can we solve drought?
How to Fight Drought, Make Every Drop of Water Count, and Keep Your Plants Alive—and Thriving
- Assess your priorities. …
- Identify root zones. …
- Try a root irrigator. …
- Check soil moisture. …
- Irrigate slowly. …
- Build watering basins. …
- Use soaker hoses. …
- Apply mulch.
What are 3 consequences of drought in Africa?
Health problems related to low water flows and poor water quality. Health problems related to dust. Loss of human life. Threat to public safety from an increased number of forest and range fires.
How can we solve the drought in Africa?
Protection and use of springs; Cloud seeding; Evaporation suppression; Desalination of brackish groundwater or sea water; and Effluent treatment and re-use. Developing and integrating other sources like groundwater, desalination and re-use, etc., with surface systems also to enhance water security.
What caused Limpopo drought?
Caused by severe heatwaves, the drought has ravaged parts of the Vhembe and Mopani districts along the edge of the Kruger National Park since October, according to residents, local farmers and government officials.