Question: What are the main features of African drumming?

What are the main features and components of African percussion music?

African music consists of complex rhythmic patterns, often involving one rhythm played against another to create a polyrhythm. The most common polyrhythm plays three beats on top of two, like a triplet played against straight notes. African musicians aim to express life, in all its aspects, through the medium of sound.

What is a typical rhythmic feature in African drumming music?

The most basic example is two against three: one part plays triplets while the other plays quavers, with the same pulse. African music makes extensive use of a range of cross-rhythms. Rhythms in African drumming are cyclic – they use short, repeated patterns.

What are the features of African music that make it unique?

Among the qualities of African music which may be considered characteristic, then, we may include the following: an emphasis on rhythmic and metric complexity expressed throughout the musical system; the use of extended syncopation, or off- beat phrasing of melodic accents, as a melodic device; the antiphonal call and …

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What is the most important element of African music?

Throughout Africa, there are four distinct categories of musical instruments: drums, wind, self-sounding and string instruments. The African drum (called the heart of the community) is the most significant instrument as it reflects people’s moods and emotions, and its rhythm holds dancers together.

What are the 5 most important features of African music?

Aerophones (wind)

  • Flutes (bamboo, horn)
  • Ocarinas.
  • Panpipes.
  • Horns from animal tusks.
  • Trumpets wood or metal.
  • Pipes being single or double reeds.
  • Whistle.

What is the purpose of African drumming?

African hand drums are played to communicate, celebrate, mourn and inspire. They’re played in times of peace and war, planting and harvesting, birth and death. Drums have been such a large part of Africans’ daily experience for so long that drumming pulses throughout their collective unconscious. It’s in their genes.

How is African drumming learned?

Music and dance are an integral part of the African culture. … The music played by drum ensembles is very complex in rhythm and texture . The rhythms are not normally written down and are instead passed between people through aural tradition .

What is polyrhythm in African music?

Polyrhythms are two or more rhythms played simultaneously at the same tempo. African music often uses percussion instruments. Ghana Shekere or gourd shakers make a sound similar to a maraca. … They are originally from West Africa and are traditionally played by men.

What are the elements of African music?

Instrumentation and timbre. The percussion instruments that are most associated with traditional African music are: a variety of drums including the djembe, talking drum and dundun – some of the drums can change in pitch. beads and rattles that produce an alternative timbre to a drum.

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What are the three basic elements of music?

Terms in this set (33)

  • Three basic elements of music. Melody, Rhythm, Harmony.
  • Pitch. the exact highness or lowness of a note.
  • Interval. the distance between any two pitches.
  • Dynamics. the loudness or softness of a note or a passage of music.
  • Crescendo. …
  • Decrescendo. …
  • Rhythm is a fundamental component of all music. ( …
  • Beat.

What are the main features of reggae music?

Reggae

  • electric guitars and drums line-up.
  • amplified bass guitar riffs (short repeated patterns)
  • an association with Rastafarianism (a religious movement worshipping Haile Selassie)
  • characteristic rhythm in 4/4 with missing beat emphasis.
  • use of repeated offbeat quavers.