Quick Answer: What natural resources were at the center of trade in West Africa?

What 2 resources were the most important trade items in West Africa?

The two most important trade items were gold and salt.

What did ancient West Africa trade?

A profitable trade had developed by which West Africans exported gold, cotton cloth, metal ornaments, and leather goods north across the trans-Saharan trade routes, in exchange for copper, horses, salt, textiles, and beads. Later, ivory, slaves, and kola nuts were also traded.

What natural resources did Mali empire have?

* Salt and gold were the natural resources found in Ancient Mali. *Salt was used to preserve food . *Gold is a precious, rare metal . *On the trade routes across Mali, people traded gold , nuts, and ivory from the south.

What factors helped the trade flourish in West Africa?

What factors helped the trade system flourish in West Africa? Gold, positioning of the major cities provided a good location between trade routes and also allowed trade over seas.

How did trade develop in West Africa?

With the use of camels trade routes began to form between cities across the Sahara Desert. … Islamic traders entered the region and began to trade for gold and slaves from Western Africa. The trade routes remained an important part of the African economy throughout the Middle Ages until the 1500s.

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How did Islam spread within West Africa?

Islam first came to West Africa as a slow and peaceful process, spread by Muslim traders and scholars. The early journeys across the Sahara were done in stages. Goods passed through chains of Muslim traders, purchased, finally, by local non-Muslims at the southern most end of the route.

What impact did trade have on West Africa?

By providing firearms amongst the trade goods, Europeans increased warfare and political instability in West Africa. Some states, such as Asante and Dahomey, grew powerful and wealthy as a result. Other states were completely destroyed and their populations decimated as they were absorbed by rivals.

What two main reasons made West Africa’s Niger River so important?

One feature, the Niger River, has been particularly important in the region’s history, providing water, food, and transportation for people. In addition, salt and iron deposits can be found in the region. Such resources were the basis for a technology that allowed people to create strong tools and weapons.

What crops were harvested in West Africa?

In the Sahelian zone, millet and sorghum are the predominant crops, transitioning to maize, groundnuts, and cowpeas farther south in the Sudanian zone. These food crops are among the top five harvested crops in the Sahelian countries — Mauritania, Senegal, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, and Chad.