Cause or Effect?
What effects does malaria have on Africa?
Once seen as a consequence of poverty, malaria is now regarded as one of its causes. Experts say malaria slows economic growth in Africa by up to 1.3 percent per year. Rural and poor people are especially at risk because they are least likely to have the means to prevent and treat malaria.
What country in Africa is most affected by malaria?
Most were in the WHO African Region, with an estimated 200 million cases, or 92% of global cases. In 2017, five countries accounted for nearly half of all malaria cases worldwide. Four of these were in Africa: Nigeria (25%), the Democratic Republic of the Congo (11%), Mozambique (5%), and Uganda (4%).
What is the effect of malaria?
Malaria may cause anemia and jaundice (yellow coloring of the skin and eyes) because of the loss of red blood cells. If not promptly treated, the infection can become severe and may cause kidney failure, seizures, mental confusion, coma, and death.
How does malaria affect a country’s development?
We know that poverty can promote malaria transmission, and that malaria causes poverty by blocking economic growth. Research shows that malaria can strain national economics, having a deleterious impact on some nations’ GDP by as much as an estimated 5 – 6%.
What is the number one cause of death in Africa?
Although HIV is not one of the leading causes of death worldwide, it remains within the top five leading causes of death in Africa.
Distribution of the leading causes of death in Africa in 2019.
|Characteristic||Distribution of causes of death|
|Ischaemic heart disease||5.5%|
Which country has the highest malaria rate?
What are the main causes of malaria?
Malaria is caused by the Plasmodium parasite. The parasite can be spread to humans through the bites of infected mosquitoes.
Does malaria ever go away?
With proper treatment, symptoms of malaria usually go away quickly, with a cure within two weeks. Without proper treatment, malaria episodes (fever, chills, sweating) can return periodically over a period of years. After repeated exposure, patients will become partially immune and develop milder disease.
They suggest that the disease causes changes in household behaviors that result in broad social costs, such as decisions related to reproduction, education, and economic matters, which, in turn, have a long-term effect on economic growth and development.
New research has found that wherever malaria occurs, the poorest children within the world’s most impoverished communities are twice as likely to contract malaria than the least poor.