What are the forms of African music?

What are the 5 vocal forms of African music?

Terms in this set (5)

  • Maracatu. first surfaced in the African state of Pernambuco, combining the strong rhythms of African percussion instruments with Portuguese melodies.
  • Blues. a musical form of the late 19th century that has had deep roots in African-American communities. …
  • Soul. …
  • Spiritual. …
  • Call and Response.

What are the 5 most important features of African music?

Aerophones (wind)

  • Flutes (bamboo, horn)
  • Ocarinas.
  • Panpipes.
  • Horns from animal tusks.
  • Trumpets wood or metal.
  • Pipes being single or double reeds.
  • Whistle.

What are 3 characteristics of African music?

Important Characteristics

  • Primacy of rhythm.
  • Call and Response as the most important form.
  • Tone color and flexibility of pitch.
  • Personalization and the wide latitude of personal expression.
  • Percussiveness of sound, both in vocal and instrumental music.
  • Emphasis on improvisation.

What makes African music unique?

African singers use a wide variety of sounds. The melodies are short, repeated over and over, also include whistles and yodels which is peculiar to African style of music. Soloist often improvises new melodies while the chorus continuous with the original melody creating a polyphonic structure.

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What is a typical element of African music?

What is a typical element of African music? –In Africa, music is linked to the activities of the entire community. -Many times, music is not based on its aural merits, but rather the effectiveness of achieving its goal. What is a swing rhythm?

What are the two main types of vocal singing in Africa?

Multipart singing in African music embraces two entirely different approaches, homophonic and polyphonic, with the definition of these words adapted to African cultures.

What is soul in vocal forms of African music?

Soul music (often referred to simply as soul) is a popular music genre that originated in the African American community throughout the United States in the 1950s and early 1960s. It combines elements of African-American gospel music, rhythm and blues and jazz.

How do you define African music?

African music, the musical sounds and practices of all indigenous peoples of Africa, including the Berber in the Sahara and the San (Bushmen) and Khoikhoin (Hottentot) in Southern Africa. The music of European settler communities and that of Arab North Africa are not included in the present discussion.

What are the three basic elements of music?

Terms in this set (33)

  • Three basic elements of music. Melody, Rhythm, Harmony.
  • Pitch. the exact highness or lowness of a note.
  • Interval. the distance between any two pitches.
  • Dynamics. the loudness or softness of a note or a passage of music.
  • Crescendo. …
  • Decrescendo. …
  • Rhythm is a fundamental component of all music. ( …
  • Beat.

What is African music purpose?

It permeates African life and has a function, a role to play in society; songs are used for religious ceremonies and rituals, to teach and give guidance, to tell stories, to mark the stages of life and death and to provide political guidance or express discontent.

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What are the main features of African drumming?

Features of these elements include:

  • polyrhythms are created by layering different rhythms together.
  • dynamics are changed depending on the force with which the drum is hit.
  • dynamics are not written down on a score – the leader signals changes in dynamics during the performance.

What are the main features of reggae music?

Reggae

  • electric guitars and drums line-up.
  • amplified bass guitar riffs (short repeated patterns)
  • an association with Rastafarianism (a religious movement worshipping Haile Selassie)
  • characteristic rhythm in 4/4 with missing beat emphasis.
  • use of repeated offbeat quavers.