What are the unique characteristics of African music?

What makes African music unique?

African singers use a wide variety of sounds. The melodies are short, repeated over and over, also include whistles and yodels which is peculiar to African style of music. Soloist often improvises new melodies while the chorus continuous with the original melody creating a polyphonic structure.

What are the important characteristic of African music?

African music most closely adheres to Western tetratonic (four-note), pentatonic (five-note), hexatonic (six-note), and heptatonic (seven-note) scales. Harmonization of the melody is accomplished by singing in parallel thirds, fourths, or fifths (see Traditional sub-Saharan African harmony).

What is the most distinctive characteristic of African music?

The rhythm is generally the most important, and West African songs are polyrhythmic featuring two or more conflicting rhythms. The most common form of polyrhythm in West Africa is the cross-rhythm made from repeating hemiolas, or patterns of three beats played over two beats in the same space.

What are the 8 characteristics of African music?

Terms in this set (8)

  • Polyrhythm. Rhythms that occur simultaneously in two different meters or with different starting points.
  • Call and Response. …
  • Ostinato. …
  • Use of Percussion. …
  • Background Shimmer. …
  • Close Connection between Music and Language. …
  • The Participatory Nature of the Arts. …
  • Close Connection between the Performing Arts.
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What is the most important element of African music?

Throughout Africa, there are four distinct categories of musical instruments: drums, wind, self-sounding and string instruments. The African drum (called the heart of the community) is the most significant instrument as it reflects people’s moods and emotions, and its rhythm holds dancers together.

What are the elements of African music?

Instrumentation and timbre. The percussion instruments that are most associated with traditional African music are: a variety of drums including the djembe, talking drum and dundun – some of the drums can change in pitch. beads and rattles that produce an alternative timbre to a drum.

What are the 5 most important features of African music?

Aerophones (wind)

  • Flutes (bamboo, horn)
  • Ocarinas.
  • Panpipes.
  • Horns from animal tusks.
  • Trumpets wood or metal.
  • Pipes being single or double reeds.
  • Whistle.

What are the three basic elements of music?

Terms in this set (33)

  • Three basic elements of music. Melody, Rhythm, Harmony.
  • Pitch. the exact highness or lowness of a note.
  • Interval. the distance between any two pitches.
  • Dynamics. the loudness or softness of a note or a passage of music.
  • Crescendo. …
  • Decrescendo. …
  • Rhythm is a fundamental component of all music. ( …
  • Beat.

What makes African drum playing unique?

One thing that makes the sabar unique to African drumming is that it’s played by hand AND by stick. … The Sabar drum has been used to communicate from village to village over considerable distances. The rhythms can imitate spoken phrases which could then be heard for over 15 kilometers.

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What is West African music called?

Calypso music remains popular throughout West Africa. Developed from West African kaiso, the sounds of calypso are similar to those of highlife, however the two differ slightly in lyrics and instrumentation.