What did Europe give to Africa?
Traders from Europe went to West Africa and offered cloth, rum, salt, and other goods in exchange for slaves. Many Africans became wealthy by trading slaves for goods like these. In addition to these goods, the European traders also offered to trade guns for slaves.
What did Europe bring to Africa in the triangular trade?
The first stage of the Triangular Trade involved taking manufactured goods from Europe to Africa: cloth, spirit, tobacco, beads, cowrie shells, metal goods, and guns. The guns were used to help expand empires and obtain more slaves (until they were finally used against European colonizers).
How did Africa benefit from the triangular trade?
Most slaves were sold to the Europeans by other Africans. Ashanti (modern day Ghana) traded their slaves in exchange for goods such as cloth, alcohol and guns. They then used their new resources to become more powerful and to fight wars against their neighbours in order to capture more slaves.
What impact did Europe have on the triangular trade?
Triangle trade allowed for Europe’s economic development in many ways. Trade with Africa and the Americas allowed for increased access to raw goods and the growth of the shipping industry, which in turn led to additional jobs for Europeans.
How did slavery begin in Africa?
The transatlantic slave trade began during the 15th century when Portugal, and subsequently other European kingdoms, were finally able to expand overseas and reach Africa. The Portuguese first began to kidnap people from the west coast of Africa and to take those they enslaved back to Europe.
How did Europe get slaves from Africa?
According to John K. Thornton, Europeans usually bought enslaved people who were captured in endemic warfare between African states. Some Africans had made a business out of capturing Africans from neighboring ethnic groups or war captives and selling them.
What are the three parts of triangular trade?
transatlantic slave trade
three stages of the so-called triangular trade, in which arms, textiles, and wine were shipped from Europe to Africa, slaves from Africa to the Americas, and sugar and coffee from the Americas to Europe.
Where did most of the slaves from Africa go?
Africans carried to North America, including the Caribbean, left mainly from West Africa. Well over 90 percent of enslaved Africans were imported into the Caribbean and South America. Only about 6 percent of African captives were sent directly to British North America.
Who started the triangular trade?
The ‘Triangular Trade’ was the sailing route taken by British slave traders. It was a journey of three stages. A British ship carrying trade goods set sail from Britain, bound for West Africa. At first some slaves were captured directly by the British traders.
What are three effects of slavery in Africa?
The implications of the slave trade included:
The slave sellers and European ‘factories’ on the West African coast. The development of slave-based states and economies. The destruction of societies. Leaders of African societies took roles in continuing the trade.
What were the main causes of slavery?
These seven factors led to the development of the slave trade:
- The importance of the West Indian colonies.
- The shortage of labour.
- The failure to find alternative sources of labour.
- The legal position.
- Racial attitudes.
- Religious factors.
- Military factors.