(1) The judicial authority of the Republic is vested in the courts. (2) The courts are independent and subject only to the Constitution and the law, which they must apply impartially and without fear, favour or prejudice. (3) No person or organ of state may interfere with the functioning of the courts.
The judiciary is the branch of government which administers justice according to law. The term is used to refer broadly to the courts, the judges, magistrates, adjudicators and other support personnel who run the system. The courts apply the law, and settle disputes and punish law-breakers according to the law.
What is a judicial officer in South Africa?
A The Judiciary is the body of Judges and Magistrates who preside over matters before all the courts in the Republic of South Africa. … A The Hon Ray Zondo is the Deputy Chief Justice of the Republic of South Africa.
Judicial Authority of the Supreme Court. Articles 141 and 144 of the Constitution uphold the authority and jurisdiction given to the Supreme Court to make decisions and uphold the law of the land.
Its purpose is to promote the independence, impartiality, effectiveness, accessibility and dignity of the courts by providing judicial education for judicial officers.
Who controls the judiciary?
Judges of the High Courts and Supreme Court are appointed by the President of India on the recommendation of a collegium. The Judicial system of India is classified into three levels with subsidiary parts.
What is the role of the judiciary in a democracy?
The principal role of the judiciary is to protect rule of law and ensure supremacy of law. It safeguards rights of the individual, settles disputes in accordance with the law and ensures that democracy does not give way to individual or group dictatorship.
What are the powers of judiciary?
Judicial function is to decide upon the legality of claims and conduct, to determine what the law is and what the rights of parties are with respect to transactions already had. Legislative function is making the law to govern new controversies; it prescribes what the law shall be in future cases arising under it.
Who is the best judge in South Africa?
Mogoeng Thomas Reetsang Mogoeng (born 14 January 1961) is a South African judge who has served as the Chief Justice of South Africa since 8 September 2011.
|The Honourable Mogoeng Mogoeng|
|Appointed by||President Nelson Mandela|
|Born||14 January 1961 Zeerust, Union of South Africa|
Who is the youngest judge in South Africa?
In 1999, Justice Theron was appointed as a Judge of the High Court of South Africa. At the age of 32, she was the youngest judge in the country and the first black female judge to be appointed in her province.
Who are the officers of the court South Africa?
- Chief Justice Mogoeng Mogoeng Head of the Judiciary and Head of the Constitutional Court.
- President Mandisa Maya President of the Supreme Court of Appeal.
- Judge President John Hlophe Western Cape Division of the High Court.
- Judge President Monica Leeuw North West Division of the High Court.