What type of plants live in Africa?

What kind of plants and animals live in Africa?

Africa boasts over 1,100 species of mammals, including herd animals like wildebeest, buffalo, and impala, as well as zebras, giraffes, and elephants. The rodents are well represented with various squirrel and rat species, as well as rabbits and hares.

How many types of plants are there in Africa?

Africa includes approximately 45,000 plant species in 29 million km2 (Klopper et al., 2007), compared to c. 90,000 in 17.84 million km2 in South America and c. 42,000 species in 3 million km2 in Malesia (Davis, 1995). Furthermore, this diversity is distributed very unevenly across the continent (Figure 1).

What is the plant life in Africa?

Natural vegetation in South Africa varies from savanna through grassland with fewer trees to scrub and scattered bush and drier western areas. Because of dry summers Western Cape has a distinct vegetation of grasses, shrubs, and trees. The eastern coast has a more tropical plant life.

What plants live in the African forest?

The forests are cluttered with lianas hanging from the trees. Tree ferns stand 30 feet high. Yellowwood and bamboo grow thickly here. Many rare and beautiful orchids add color to the rain forest canopy.

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What animal is only found in Africa?

1. African Civet. The African Civet is the largest of its species and resides in sub-Saharan Africa. It’s an unusual-looking mammal that has a face that’s similar to a raccoon, a long cat-like body and spotted fur.

What kind of animals are found in Africa?

Africa is home to many of the world’s most famous fauna in human culture such as lions‚ rhinos‚ cheetahs‚ giraffes‚ antelope, hippos, leopards, zebras‚ and African elephants among many others.

What flowers grow in the African savanna?

Ecology of Savanna Plants

Latin name Common name Last flowers
Viola pedatifida Prairie violet 27-May
Zizia aurea Golden Alexander 7-Jun
Dodecatheon meadia Shooting star 3-Jun
Geranium maculatum Wild geranium 10-Jun

What is the most common vegetation in Africa?

Mangrove forests are the most common vegetation. Mangroves have exposed root systems. This allows the trees to absorb oxygen directly from the air, as well as from the nutrient-poor soil. Most of Africas native rain forest has been destroyed by development, agriculture, and forestry.

What are the 4 vegetation zones in Africa?

Terms in this set (5)

  • What are the four (vegetation) zones of Africa? The Sahara, Sahel, Savannah, and the Rain Forest.
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  • What were the.