What was the role of lineage groups in African society quizlet?

What are lineage groups in African society?

Throughout Africa the basic unit of society was the lineage-group, or clan. This would normally be a cluster of households. In some societies which were sparsely scattered across the land, such a group might form its own hamlet or small village.

What was expected of the members of a lineage group in African society?

All members could claim to be descended from a real or legendary common ancestor. Societies in which the descent is traced through the mother, was extremely common in Africa. Men were expected to move into their wife’s house, and gave their inheritance to the son’s of their sister. You just studied 18 terms!

What were lineage groups made of?

Lineage, descent group reckoned through only one parent, either the father (patrilineage) or the mother (matrilineage). All members of a lineage trace their common ancestry to a single person. A lineage may comprise any number of generations but commonly is traced through some 5 or 10.

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What different purposes does the age set system serve in African societies?

In African societies, the age-set system often served to help demarcate periods of an individual’s life, introduce people of a similar age to each other, and to teach discipline and skills to the young.

What are lineage groups?

A lineage, is a unilineal descent group whose members trace their descent from a common ancestor through an accepted sequence of known linking antecedents. … In some cases specialized institutions will arise to maintain ancestral records.

What is Segmentary lineage system?

The Tiv-Nuer segmentary lineage system is a mechanism for large-scale political consolidation in the absence of any permanent, higher-level tribal organization. … In turn, minor segments comprise a higher-level entity, a major lineage, in opposition to the descendants of the brother of their common ancestor.

What roles did lineage groups play in African society?

Slaves were farmers and domesticate servants, women were given more power as a result of Africa’s matrilineal society and their ability to tell stories; lineage groups provided a sense of worth and play an important role in the governing of non-centralized societies.

What was the source of great Zimbabwe’s wealth?

The wealth of Great Zimbabwe lay in cattle production and gold.

What is the key role of the kinship system in African society?

Kinship is the web of relationships woven by family and marriage. Traditional relations of kinship have affected the lives of African people and ethnic groups by determining what land they could farm, whom they could marry, and their status in their communities.

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What are the two types of descent groups?

There are two basic descent systems: corporate and cognatic. Cognatic descent is also referred to as non-unilineal descent and there are two types of cognatic descent: bilateral and ambilineal.

What are the two major forms of Unilineal descent groups?

Such unilineal kinship systems, as they are called, are of two main types—patrilineal (or agnatic) systems, in which the relationships reckoned through the father are emphasized, and matrilineal (or uxorial) systems, in which the relationships reckoned through the mother are emphasized.

How is lineage determined?

An evolutionary lineage is a temporal series of populations, organisms, cells, or genes connected by a continuous line of descent from ancestor to descendant. Lineages are subsets of the evolutionary tree of life. Lineages are often determined by the techniques of molecular systematics.

What are the two main purposes of age sets?

While members of an age set live with their immediate families and local kin groups, and age sets are not tightly organised internally, they serve to apportion roles and status in wider social situations, with senior age sets having a judicial function, for example.

What factors contributed to the growth of African civilizations?

3-1 The Rise of African Civilizations (Vocabulary flashcards and matching)

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What factors contributed to the growth of African civilizations? Trade brought wealth and different cultures; Salt and gold were the most valuable trading items