When was cocoa introduced in Africa?
with traditional food crops. The first successful introduction of cocoa is attributed to a Ghanaian, Tetteh Quarshie, bringing pods back from Fernando P in 1876.
When did cocoa come to Ghana?
Cocoa cultivation began in Ghana, according to the legend, fostered by a blacksmith called Tetteh Quarshie, who, in 1895, returned to his farm in the Eastern Region of Ghana with cocoa beans “in his pocket” from the island of Fernando Po (now Bioko) in Equatorial Guinea where there was already intensive plantation …
How did cocoa farming end up in Africa?
In West Africa, cocoa has historically been cultivated using slash and burn farming. Forest was cut down and burned before planting, and then, when the plot became infertile, the farmer moved to fresh forestland and did the same again.
Why is cocoa grown in Africa?
Cocoa needs a high temperature, plenty of water, and air that is always moist. Therefore, cocoa is grown in the hot and humid regions of Africa (mainly in forest regions), Central and South America, Asia and Oceania.
Which country is the largest exporter of cocoa?
In 2019, Ivory Coast was the world’s leading cocoa bean exporter, based on export value. That year, the Ivory Coast exported about 3.57 billion U.S. dollars worth of cocoa beans worldwide.
Leading cocoa bean exporters worldwide in 2019 (in million U.S. dollars)
|Characteristic||Export value in million U.S. dollars|
Who brought cocoa seed to Ghana?
The victory of cocoa in Africa started with Tetteh Quarshie. Legend has it that he secretly brought the cocoa to Ghana and, by doing so, laid the foundation for one of the most important Ghanaian and African export products.