Which of the following is the main physical feature of North Africa and the Middle East?

What are the physical features and the climates of North Africa and the Middle East?

The physical geography of the Middle East is varied. Vast deserts are common in the region. The Sahara Desert runs across North Africa, essentially limiting settlement to along the Mediterranean coastline and in Egypt along the Nile River.

What is the main physical feature of North Africa?

Geography. North Africa has three main geographic features: the Sahara desert in the south, the Atlas Mountains in the west, and the Nile River and delta in the east. The Atlas Mountains extend across much of northern Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia.

What are the major physical features of North Africa and Southwest Asia?

PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY North Africa, Southwest Asia, and Central Asia spread across two continents, stretching from the shores of the Atlantic Ocean in the west to the border of China in the east. It is a region of mountains, plateaus, and plains and a largely dry climate that creates large deserts.

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Why is the Middle East now a desert?

What attracted those communities to come to Arabia, recent research points out, is a change in the weather of the arid desert caused by a sudden burst of monsoon rains. Within the span of just a few centuries, the rain changed the arid landscape into a lush savannah-type environment.

How climate change will affect the Middle East?

Climate change is already affecting the Arab World in dire ways. It will cause extreme heat to spread across more of the land for longer periods of time, making some regions unlivable and reducing growing areas for agriculture. … The Middle East and North Africa is the most water stressed region in the world.

What are the key physical characteristics of North Africa quizlet?

What are the key physical characteristics of North Africa? North Africa has a Mediterranean coastal climate and a dry desert climate in the interior region. The landscape is principally deserts and mountains.

What are two reasons for North Africa’s dry climate?

The dry subtropical climate of the northern Sahara is caused by stable high-pressure cells centred over the Tropic of Cancer. The annual range of average daily temperatures is about 36 °F (20 °C). Winters are relatively cold in the northern regions and cool in the central Sahara.

Why is North Africa unique?

18 North Africa: Each Country Is Unique

Each country has their own form of currency and form of government. Egypt is a very liberal Islamic nation while the countries on either side of it, Saudi Arabia and Libya, are a lot stricter. Some areas of North Africa and very developed while others are not.

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What are 4 physical features?

Their physical characteristics include landforms, climate, soils, and hydrology.

What is the dominant climate feature of North Africa and Southwest Asia?

The prevailing climatic feature of North Africa and Southwest Asia is a lack of precipitation. From 10°to 30°north is a particular band of dry air that forms the region’s hot desert climate zone (BWh in the Köppen climate classification system) and is clearly apparent on a map of global climate regions (Figure 7.1. 3).

What are three things North Africa has in common with Southwest Asia?

Key Takeaways

  • The realm of North Africa and Southwest Asia extends from the Atlantic Ocean along the Moroccan coast to the western border of China. …
  • Three basic features that dominate this realm include the arid type B climates, Islam as the predominant religion, and the export of petroleum and minerals to gain wealth.

What is the most important resource in Southwest Asia and North Africa?

Two of the most important natural resources found in Southwest Asia are natural gas and oil. These two resources bring wealth into the region because they are needed for much of the world’s economy.