Who led the British forces in North Africa?
Archibald Wavell, who had been appointed to the newly created post of commander in chief for the Middle East in July 1939, when the first steps were taken to strengthen the forces guarding the Suez Canal. Barely 50,000 British troops faced a total of 500,000 Italian and Italian colonial troops.
Who commanded US and British troops in northwestern Africa?
For the operation against Algiers, the Eastern Naval Task Force was entirely British, but the Assault Force consisted of 23,000 British and 10,000 American troops under the command of U.S. Maj. Gen. Charles Ryder. U.S. Gen.
Did Germany invade Africa?
By 1941, the Italian army had been all but beaten and Hitler had to send German troops to North Africa to clear out Allied troops. The German force was lead by Erwin Rommel – one of the finest generals of the war. In March 1941, Rommel attacked the Allies in Libya.
Why did Germany lose North Africa?
The Axis defeat at El Alamein meant that North Africa would be lost to Hitler and Mussolini. The defeat was due to a variety of factors. These included insufficient Axis numbers, overextended supply lines, and Allied air superiority.
Did Germany invade Egypt?
When, early in 1942, German forces threatened to invade Egypt, a second British intervention—often termed the 4 February Incident—compelled King Farouk to accept al-Naḥḥās as his prime minister. The Wafd, its power confirmed by overwhelming success in the general election of March 1942, cooperated with Britain.
What race is North Africa?
The largest ethnic groups in North Africa are Arabs, Berbers are considered the second largest ethnicity in north africa and West Africans are the largest ethnicity in the west and the Arabs are a majority also in the east approaching the Middle East.