Why is TB so prevalent in South Africa?
Less than 4% of TB deaths in South Africa are caused by drug resistant forms of the bacteria that are much harder to treat. Worldwide, TB caused 1.7 million deaths in 2016, with 10.4 million people becoming infected. (All these statistics need to be treated with a bit of caution.
Why is TB more common in Africa?
The unprecedented growth of the tuberculosis epidemic in Africa is attributable to several factors, the most important being the HIV epidemic. Although HIV is Africa’s leading cause of death, tuberculosis is the most common coexisting condition in people who die from AIDS (see radiograph).
What are the causes of tuberculosis in South Africa?
M. tuberculosis bacteria cause TB. They can spread through the air in droplets when a person with pulmonary TB coughs, sneezes, spits, laughs, or talks. Only people with active TB can transmit the infection.
Why is TB more common?
TB occurs more frequently among low-income people living in overcrowded areas and persons with little schooling (11). Poverty may result in poor nutrition which may be associated with alterations in immune function.
How long is TB treatment in South Africa?
Treating TB requires six months of treatment with no defaulting – and that’s just for ‘ordinary’ TB.
How common is TB in South Africa?
Tuberculosis is a serious public health issue in South Africa. About 450,000 people develop the disease every year, and 270,000 of those are also living with HIV. TB is South Africa’s leading cause of death. About 89,000 people die from it every year; that’s ten people every hour.
Who is most affected by TB in South Africa?
Tuberculosis mostly affects adults in their most productive years. However, all age groups are at risk. Over 25% of cases and deaths are in the African region. People who are infected with HIV are 20 to 30 times more likely to develop active TB (see TB and HIV section below).
Where is TB most common and why?
Tuberculosis (TB) is an infection caused by slow-growing bacteria that grow best in areas of the body that have lots of blood and oxygen. That’s why it is most often found in the lungs. This is called pulmonary TB. But TB can also spread to other parts of the body, which is called extrapulmonary TB.
What are the 3 types of tuberculosis?
- Active TB Disease. Active TB is an illness in which the TB bacteria are rapidly multiplying and invading different organs of the body. …
- Miliary TB. Miliary TB is a rare form of active disease that occurs when TB bacteria find their way into the bloodstream. …
- Latent TB Infection.
Can you get TB from kissing?
You cannot get TB germs from:
Saliva shared from kissing. TB is NOT spread through shaking someone’s hand, sharing food, touching bed linens or toilet seats, or sharing toothbrushes.
How do TB symptoms start?
Tuberculosis is caused by bacteria that spread from person to person through microscopic droplets released into the air. This can happen when someone with the untreated, active form of tuberculosis coughs, speaks, sneezes, spits, laughs or sings.