Why is the infant mortality rate so high in South Africa?

What causes infant mortality in South Africa?

Overall the main causes of maternal and child mortality in South Africa are HIV and AIDS, pregnancy and childbirth complications, neonatal illness, childhood illness, and malnutrition, which are all related to poverty and great inequity.

Why is Africa’s infant mortality rate so high?

IMR is particularly high in the first month of life, with a neonatal mortality of 40 out of every 1000 live births. The main causes are, in order of importance, neonatal causes (26%), child pneumonia (21%), malaria (18%), diarrhoea (16%), HIV/AIDS (6%), measles (5%) and accidents (2%).

What is the main cause of high infant mortality rate?

Causes of Infant Mortality

Preterm birth and low birth weight. Injuries (e.g., suffocation). Sudden infant death syndrome. Maternal pregnancy complications.

What country in Asia has the highest infant death rate?

Between 2015 to 2020, Mongolia had the highest infant mortality rate throughout East Asia, with an estimated 18 infants dying for every one thousand live births.

What is the leading cause of death during the first month of life?

From the end of the neonatal period and through the first 5 years of life, the main causes of death are pneumonia, diarrhoea, birth defects and malaria. Malnutrition is the underlying contributing factor, making children more vulnerable to severe diseases.

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How can infant mortality can be reduced?

By taking good care of her own health before and during pregnancy, a mother can reduce her baby’s risk of many of the leading causes of infant mortality in the United States, including birth defects, preterm birth, low birth weight, Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS), and certain pregnancy complications.

How can you reduce mortality rate?

Solutions that save lives, reduce child mortality

  1. Immediate and exclusive breastfeeding.
  2. Skilled attendants for antenatal, birth, and postnatal care.
  3. Access to nutrition and micronutrients.
  4. Family knowledge of danger signs in a child’s health.
  5. Improved access to water, sanitation, and hygiene.
  6. Immunizations.