Why were city states on the East African coast so successful?

What made the East African coast such a perfect location for trade?

“Africa’s East coast had drawn overseas traders from early times. The main reason was the influence of the Indian Ocean and its monsoon winds. Between November and March, the monsoons blew southwest from the coast of India toward Africa.

How did East African city-states become wealthy?

The kingdoms of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai mined an abundance of gold, which was in high demand in North Africa and the southern Mediterranean coast of Europe. … The establishment of trading cities in this region led to great wealth and power along the eastern coast of Africa.

Why were the Swahili city-states so successful?

These city-states truly achieved international trade dominance around 1350 CE, after they had all converted to Islam. Muslim merchants controlled the world’s most extensive inland and maritime trade routes, and the Swahili city-states had attracted a large number of Persian merchants looking to expand.

What made the city-states in East Africa such an excellent place for trade in the Middle Ages?

The city-states along the eastern coast of Africa made ideal centers of trade. An important attraction was the gold obtained from inland kingdoms. The gold was needed mainly for coins, although it was also used for works of art, ornamentation on buildings, and jewelry.

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What is the religion of Swahili?

This group was known as the Shirazi. Today, most Swahili people are Sunni Muslims. It is the largest group within the religion of Islam. The Swahili Coast peaked during the medieval period.

What caused Aksum’s decline?

Because it was a long and slow process, the concrete causes of the decline of the Aksumite kingdoms are inconspicuous. The underlying cause of its decline is the shift of power southward. … While forests were being cut down for construction and irregular rainfall eroded the soil, Aksumite agriculture began to collapse.

How did African kingdoms gain wealth?

Nearly all trade between northern and southern Africa passed through Ghana. … Ghana’s rulers gained incredible wealth from trade, taxes on traders and on the people of Ghana, and their own personal stores of gold. They used their wealth to build an army and an empire.

Why did African trade routes shifted east?

Why did the African trade routes shift to the east several times? … it spread by conquest and through trade. What was the chief means of social and political organization in African stateless societies?

How did Swahili became the culture of East Africa?

Around the 8th century, the Swahili people engaged in the Indian Ocean trade. As a consequence, they were influenced by Arabic, Persian, Indian, and Chinese cultures. … It is the mixture of Perso-Arab and Bantu cultures in Kilwa that is credited for creating Swahili as a distinctive East African culture and language.

Why did Swahili convert to Islam?

When Arabs came to the East African coast, they also had their own way of life. They came to Africa mainly to do trade. As the Arabs traded in East Africa, they intermarried with the Swahili people. The Arabs also introduced their religion to the Swahili people that led to the majority of Swahili converting to Islam.

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What countries speak Swahili in Africa?

Swahili has official language status in Tanzania and Kenya and is also widely spoken in Uganda, the Democratic Republic of Congo and the Comoros Islands. It’s also spoken by smaller numbers in Burundi, Rwanda, Northern Zambia, Malawi and Mozambique.