Does eastern Africa have monsoons?
Two distinct monsoons are observed over the equatorial eastern Africa (EEA) region. These are the northeast (NE) and southeast (SE) monsoons. The NE monsoons dominate during the Southern Hemisphere summer (December–February), while the SE monsoons are observed during the Northern Hemisphere summer (June–August).
Does Sahara get monsoons?
The climate of the Sahara has undergone enormous variation between wet and dry over the last few hundred thousand years. … By around 3400 BC, the monsoon retreated south to approximately where it is today, leading to the gradual desertification of the Sahara. The Sahara is now as dry as it was about 13,000 years ago.
How monsoons are formed?
The primary cause of monsoons is the difference between annual temperature trends over land and sea. The apparent position of the Sun with reference to the Earth oscillates from the Tropic of Cancer to the Tropic of Capricorn. Thus the low pressure region created by solar heating also changes latitude.
What would happen if the monsoons are weak in a year?
When the summer monsoon is late or weak, the regions economy suffers. Fewer people can grow their own food, and large agribusinesses do not have produce to sell. Governments must import food. Electricity becomes more expensive, sometimes limiting development to large businesses and wealthy individuals.
How many monsoons are there?
There are two monsoons (or rainy seasons) in India. The summer monsoon season in India, otherwise known as the southwest monsoon, which lasts from June to September and affects the whole of India. Then the northeast or winter monsoon brings seasonal rainfall to Southeast India from October to December.
Which winds bring rain to East Africa?
As the Indian monsoon circulation transitions during boreal spring, the trade winds over the northwest Indian Ocean reverse, and East African moisture convergence supports the “long” rains. In boreal summer, the southwesterly Somali Jet intensifies over eastern Africa.