What are the leading causes of under 5 child mortality?
In Ethiopia, the main causes of newborns death are preterm complications, intrapartum complications, sepsis, pneumonia, and tetanus14 while lower respiratory infections, diarrheal diseases, and neonatal syndromes are taking the lead in under-5 mortality.
What is the biggest killer of children in Africa?
Pneumonia, diarrhea and malaria are the three biggest killer diseases of young children in Africa – representing 1 million deaths per year.
What are the causes of high infant and child mortality in sub Saharan region of Africa?
The main causes are, in order of importance, neonatal causes (26%), child pneumonia (21%), malaria (18%), diarrhoea (16%), HIV/AIDS (6%), measles (5%) and accidents (2%).
Where is child mortality the highest?
Children continue to face widespread regional and income disparities in their chances of survival. Sub-Saharan Africa continues to be the region with the highest under-five mortality rate in the world—76 deaths per 1,000 live births.
What animal is the number one killer in Africa?
Ungainly as it is, the hippopotamus is the world’s deadliest large land mammal, killing an estimated 500 people per year in Africa.
What are the six killer diseases of a child?
Of great importance to public and child health are the vaccines against the so-called six killer diseases of childhood-measles, pertussis, diphtheria, tetanus, tuberculosis and poliomyelitis.
What is the leading cause of death in Africa 2020?
The new death statistics researched by African fact-checking organization, Africa Check, indicated that lifestyle diseases have taken over as the leading causes of death on the continent. Lower respiratory tract infections top the list. These are caused by viruses and bacteria that target airways and lungs.
What is the leading cause of death in sub-Saharan Africa?
The findings from previous studies show that HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria and injuries and accidents are the leading causes of death among adults in sub-Saharan Africa and notable variations have been observed by demographic and socio-economic background characteristics of the deceased.
Why is Sub-Saharan Africa’s death rate so high?
At these ages in Sub-Saharan Africa, a triple burden of cause-specific factors exists, namely, the HIV/AIDS epidemic; high incidence rates of injury and violence, especially among males; and the high burden of maternal mortality among females.
Why is infant mortality so high in Nigeria?
Research has shown that infant mortality is a major problem in Nigeria and has been linked to factors such as inadequate health facilities, lack of financial capacity, and lack of access to appropriate medical care.
Which country has the lowest SIDS rate?
More recently, the highest SIDS rates (0.5 in 1000 live births) were in New Zealand and the United States. The lowest rates ( 0.2 in 1000) were in Japan and the Netherlands.
Which country has low mortality rate?
Qatar has the lowest mortality rate in the world of 1.244 deaths per 1,000 people.