What European countries had the most land in Africa?
Britain and France held the most territory in Africa according to Map 2.
What two European countries gained most of Africa?
Portugal expanded its control over Angola and Mozambique, Belgium took over the giant Congo region, and Germany gained new colonies in southern Africa. Britain and France, the big winners, gained new territory in West Africa, and Britain built a network of colonies in East Africa running from South Africa to Egypt.
What were three effects of European imperialism on Africa?
Three effects that European imperialism had on Africa included a more structured political system with an organized government, the development of industrial technology and the idea of nationalism, which led to wars and revolutions later on.
What are 3 reasons for colonization?
Historians generally recognize three motives for European exploration and colonization in the New World: God, gold, and glory.
Which country gained the most from imperialism?
The British, by far. Their empire spanned the U.S Colonies, Canada, India, Middle East, Australia, Caribbean islands, and Africa.
Why did Europe carve up Africa?
The task of this conference was to ensure that each European country that claimed possession over a part of Africa must bring civilization, in the form of Christianity, and trade to each region that it would occupy.
What separates Europe Africa?
The Strait of Gibraltar is a narrow waterway separating the Atlantic Ocean (bottom left) from the Mediterranean Sea (top right). This 13-kilometer-wide waterway also separates Europe and Africa, with Spain and Gibraltar on the left and Morocco on the right.
What was Africa like before European colonization?
At its peak, prior to European colonialism, it is estimated that Africa had up to 10,000 different states and autonomous groups with distinct languages and customs. From the late 15th century, Europeans joined the slave trade. … They transported enslaved West, Central, and Southern Africans overseas.
What is the richest country in Africa?
Top 20 Richest Countries in Africa
- Equatorial Guinea.
- South Africa.